Bird Name:

Great tit

Latin Name:

Parus major

Status:

Least Concern

Scientific Classification:

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Paridae

Genus: Parus

Species: P. major

General information:

This is a widespread and common European bird. They are non-migratory and will form groups after the breeding season, often associating with other small birds. They do not hoard like some other tits. But they can lower body temperature overnight when roosting to effectively lessen the amount of energy they need.

Physical Description:

The Great tit is quite large compared to other tits; averaging 14 cm. Males have black heads with white cheek patches. Females are similar buy display a narrower, uneven vertical black band. A broad band of black extends from the throat down the middle of the yellow belly. There are three regional variations to these species. In temperate Europe and Asia, the upper parts are olive green and it is bluish on the sides and on the flight feathers and tail. In China, Korea, Japan, and Russia the Great tits are olive colored in the upper parts and whitish on the underparts. In India and Southeast Asia, the birds are gray instead of olive and show a whitish belly. Young birds of all regions are significantly paler with yellowish cheeks and little of the black band is visible.

Diet:

Diet consist of invertebrates and seeds. They prefer protein rich caterpillars in breeding season.

Habitat:

These species occur throughout Europe with the exception of northern Scandinavia. Its range extends south as far as northern Africa and spreads broadly across much of Asia. It lives in woodland habitat.

 

Reproduction:

Breeding season for the Great tit typically extends from March through July. Pairs may nest twice during the season. The males seek out nest sites in the area, but females make the final choice. Nesting occurs typically in holes or nest boxes are used. The clutch consists of 5 to 12 eggs, white with reddish spots. Incubation takes 12 to 13 days and is done solely by female, although male will bring food. The young are fed by both parents.

Source by Tony Mandarich