Diabetes in dogs becomes a common phenomenon. Diabetes Mellitus or type 2 diabetes affects the dogs. Diabetes also affects obese dogs. The study reveals one in five hundred dogs show the sign of diabetes mellitus. Some dog breeds seem to be more risk-prone towards diabetes. These dogs breed can be –
5. Alaskan malamute
6. Miniature schnauzer
7. Chow chow
10. Labrador retriever
11. Hungarian puli
12. Golden retriever
13. Miniature pinscher
14. Old English sheepdog
15. Springer spaniel
17. Finnish spitz
18. West Highland white terrier
19. Cairn terrier
Canine diabetes includes diabetes mellitus incomparable to people with diabetes, and diabetes insipidus. Both diabetes belongs to endocrine diseases group. The body system that produces the hormone becomes defective causing canine diseases, diabetes. Kidney controls water resorption relating to antidiuretic hormone, vasopressin, lacking this system, Diabetes Insipidus occurs. Diabetes mellitus is based on insulin deficiency. Hormones play the crucial role in sugar metabolism, and these features are common in two types mostly.
Canine diabetes is categorized into two branches. These are the congenital type and acquired type. The congenital type is immature, comparing to type 1 diabetes and the acquired type is mature relating to type 2 diabetes. The canine diabetes mellitus requires insulin and it is comparable to type 2 in a human being, terming as IDDM.
The symptoms of dog diabetes can be –
2. Excessive water consumption
3. Too much urination
4. Incomprehensible weight gain or loss
Lethargy is a common symptom of many dog diseases but always not for diabetes.
Some veterinarians like to formulate an anti-diabetes diet for a young dog. The same diet plan does not include all dogs with diabetes. Dogs suffering from some problems in pancreas had better leave high-fat foods. The canned foods are to be omitted from the diet plan and vet will take care of this dieting. Fiber-rich foods can help dogs digest and absorb carbohydrate better. Carbohydrate reduces the glucose content in the blood. Blood glucose level rises up after each meal. Feed dogs high fiber foods; it can reduce the high blood glucose level.
Natural herbs and teas can be included in the diet plan of the dogs with a diabetic. These can be –
7. Herbal Extracts
Veterinarians prefer Vetsulin for canine diabetes or type 2 diabetes. Vetsulin is composed of 30% amorphous insulin and 70% crystalline insulin. The first thirty percent actively raises high in four hours after the injection and lasts up to eight hours. The rest 70% acts slowly and raises high in eleven hours.
Glipizide is another option. It uses to control the blood sugar level. To use for animals FDA has not approved it yet. It contains sulfonylurea, an effective anti-diabetic agent. Based on mild cases and severe cases, the diabetes remedies will take place. In mild cases, simple diet moderation and necessary drugs can come, and in severe cases, insulin injections require.